“Wayyiqra” is its Hebrew name meaning, “And He Called“.
Law of the Priests or Law of the Offerings Is how the Talmud refers to this book or relating to the Levitical Priests. Attributed to Moses as the author, whilst Gods people were camped at the foot of Mount Sinai, this is after the Exodus from Egypt and before they move on to the Promised Land.
It consists of mainly ceremonial laws and regulations, as opposed to Exodus which contained the moral laws, and how this would be lead by the levitical family line and how they should lead the Israelites to what is pleasing in worship to God who had brought them out of slavery.
In Exodus, God calls His people to be “ Holy and Priestly “, for He is Holy, 152 times the Holiness of God is written about in Leviticus.
HOLINESS IS DISTINCTIVENESS AGAINST THE WORLDS PATTERN BASED ON A BIBLICAL WORLD VIEW. Dr Randall Smith
The book contains descriptions of offerings to God, sacrifices, ordinations, dietary restrictions, practical and personal health, rules of sexuality, purification rites etc…In all, it is the way to deal with the two directions, Sin on one side and celebration on the other, and the requirements and methods of worship and holiness.
The Levitical ways of priests and holy sacrifices provided and continued the path of restoration between the people and God. Through the blood sacrifice, the guilt and uncleanness of sin could be covered over. A blood covering.
Key verse: “ For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood that makes atonement for the soul .”
Leviticus’s blood sacrifices are contrasted with Jesus’ death on the cross in the New Testament in Hebrews 7 : 27 we read “ Who does not need daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifices, first for His own sins and then for the peoples, for this He did once for all, when He offered up Himself .”
The final sacrifice of Jesus “ the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world “, the shedding of His blood achieved atonement for eternal and universal value.
The latter part of the book deals with Holiness, chapter 19:2 says “ You shall be holy, for I the Lord your God am holy .” 20: 26 “ And you shall be holy to Me, for I the Lord am holy, and have separated you from the peoples, that you should be Mine.
Holiness includes many different regulations, violations and directions regarding impurities, priestly rules for them and their families, but the practical directions included social and family life, sexual morality are Gods irreplaceable standards. There were specia Holy days to be kept. Leviticus lists several blessings for obedience and many more punishments for disobedience.
In the middle of Leviticus, Chapter 19 v 18, Is where Jesus quoted from. In the gospel of Mark 12:31 Jesus in response to one of the scribes who had asked Him of the commandments, “ and the second like it, is this ‘ You shall love your neighbour as yourself, ‘ There is no other commandment greater than these .”
The message of Leviticus is an immensely important one, in that there is no area of our life, from our personal faults and sins to our public life and ministerial duties, that God considers irrelevant to our commitment to Him as our covenant God.